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Jeoloji Mühendisi

Overview of the Karst Areas in Anatolia


Some rocks, such as limestone, gypsum, and halite, dissolve when encountered with carbon dioxide-rich fluids, and the morphological formations of these dissolved rocks on the earth are called karst. In addition, the ensemble of shapes formed by the Karstification is called “Karst Topography” (Ford and Williams, 2013). The main factors affecting the formation of karst areas can be listed as rock composition, climate, vegetation cover and elevation. Typical examples of karst formation and development in terms of Turkey is mostly within the Taurus Mountains, which is located in southern Anatolia (Sür, 1994). The karstic formations observed in the Anatolian geography can be listed as limestone pavements, ponols, dolines, uvalas, poljes, potholes, karstic valleys, natural bridges and underground streamtunnels, caves, travertine cones, traverten terraces, stalactites and stalagmites.


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